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Climate regulation, energy provisioning and water purification : Quantifying ecosystem service delivery of bioenergy willow grown on riparian buffer zones using life cycle assessment

  • David Styles
  • Pål Börjesson
  • Tina DHertefeldt
  • Klaus Birkhofer
  • Jens Dauber
  • Paul Adams
  • Sopan Patil
  • Tim Pagella
  • Lars B. Pettersson
  • Philip Peck
  • Céline Vaneeckhaute
  • Håkan Rosenqvist
Publishing year: 2016-12-01
Language: English
Pages: 872-884
Publication/Series: Ambio: a Journal of Human Environment
Volume: 45
Issue: 8
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Springer

Abstract english

Whilst life cycle assessment (LCA) boundaries are expanded to account for negative indirect consequences of bioenergy such as indirect land use change (ILUC), ecosystem services such as water purification sometimes delivered by perennial bioenergy crops are typically neglected in LCA studies. Consequential LCA was applied to evaluate the significance of nutrient interception and retention on the environmental balance of unfertilised energy willow planted on 50-m riparian buffer strips and drainage filtration zones in the Skåne region of Sweden. Excluding possible ILUC effects and considering oil heat substitution, strategically planted filter willow can achieve net global warming potential (GWP) and eutrophication potential (EP) savings of up to 11.9 Mg CO2e and 47 kg PO4e ha−1 year−1, respectively, compared with a GWP saving of 14.8 Mg CO2e ha−1 year−1 and an EP increase of 7 kg PO4e ha−1 year−1 for fertilised willow. Planting willow on appropriate buffer and filter zones throughout Skåne could avoid 626 Mg year−1 PO4e nutrient loading to waters.


  • Environmental Sciences
  • Energy Systems
  • Agriculture
  • Bioenergy
  • Environment
  • Eutrophication
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • LCA


  • ISSN: 0044-7447
Tina D'Hertefeldt
E-mail: tina [dot] dhertefeldt [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se



+46 46 222 37 75

+46 73 659 22 86



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Research group

Soil Ecology Group


  • The effects of perennial biofuel crops (Salix, Phalaris, Populus) on soil ecosystem services
  • Weed-soil interactions in response to land management intensity
  • The effect of Brassica napus - Brassica rapa gene flow on volunteer persistence
  • SoilService

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