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An unexpected advantage of whiteness in horses: the most horsefly-proof horse has a depolarizing white coat

Author:
  • Gabor Horvath
  • Miklos Blaho
  • Gyorgy Kriska
  • Ramon Hegedues
  • Balazs Gerics
  • Robert Farkas
  • Susanne Åkesson
Publishing year: 2010
Language: English
Pages: 1643-1650
Publication/Series: Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences
Volume: 277
Issue: 1688
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Royal Society

Abstract english

White horses frequently suffer from malign skin cancer and visual deficiencies owing to their high sensitivity to the ultraviolet solar radiation. Furthermore, in the wild, white horses suffer a larger predation risk than dark individuals because they can more easily be detected. In spite of their greater vulnerability, white horses have been highly appreciated for centuries owing to their natural rarity. Here, we show that blood-sucking tabanid flies, known to transmit disease agents to mammals, are less attracted to white than dark horses. We also demonstrate that tabanids use reflected polarized light from the coat as a signal to find a host. The attraction of tabanids to mainly black and brown fur coats is explained by positive polarotaxis. As the host's colour determines its attractiveness to tabanids, this parameter has a strong influence on the parasite load of the host. Although we have studied only the tabanid horse interaction, our results can probably be extrapolated to other host animals of polarotactic tabanids, as the reflection-polarization characteristics of the host's body surface are physically the same, and thus not species-dependent.

Keywords

  • Biological Sciences
  • polarotaxis
  • visual ecology
  • polarization vision
  • horses
  • tabanid flies
  • host choice

Other

Published
  • CAnMove
  • ISSN: 1471-2954
Susanne Åkesson
E-mail: susanne [dot] akesson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Evolutionary ecology

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