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Reduction of ultraviolet light-induced DNA damage in human colon cancer cells treated with a lactoferrin-derived peptide

Author:
  • Catja Freiburghaus
  • H. Lindmark-Mansson
  • Marie Paulsson
  • Stina Oredsson
Publishing year: 2012
Language: English
Pages: 5552-5560
Publication/Series: Journal of Dairy Science
Volume: 95
Issue: 10
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Dairy Science Association

Abstract english

Treatment of Caco-2 cells with the peptide lactoferricin(4-14), results in reduction of the growth rate by prolongation of the S phase of the cell cycle. Lactoferricin(1-25) is formed in the gut by cleavage from lactoferrin and the bioactive amino acids are found within lactoferricin(4-14). Our hypothesis is that the reduction of the rate of S phase progression may result in increased DNA repair. To test this hypothesis, Caco-2 cells were subjected to UV light that caused DNA lesions and then the cells were grown in the absence or presence of 2.0 mu M lactoferricin(4-14). Evaluation of DNA strand breaks using the comet assay showed that lactoferricin(4-14) treatment indeed resulted in a reduction of comets showing damaged DNA. In the search for a mechanism, we have investigated the levels of several proteins involved in cell cycle regulation, DNA replication, and apoptosis using Western blot. Lactoferricin(4-14) treatment resulted in an increased expression of flap endonuclease-1 pointing to increased DNA synthesis activity. Lactoferricin(4-14) treatment decreased the expression of the proapoptotic protein B-cell lymphoma 2-associated X protein (or Bax), indicating decreased cell death. As we have found previously, lactoferricin(4-14) treatment reduced the expression of cyclin E involved in the G(1)/S transition. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that a lower gamma-H2AX expression in lactoferricin(4-14)-treated cells, pointing to more efficient DNA repair. Thus, altogether our data show that lactoferricin(4-14) treatment has beneficial effects.

Keywords

  • Food Engineering
  • Zoology
  • DNA strand break
  • DNA repair
  • comet assay
  • lactoferricin(4-14)

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1525-3198
Stina Oredsson
E-mail: stina [dot] oredsson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Functional zoology

+46 46 222 94 97

B-C208

4

Principal investigator

LUCC - Lund University Cancer Centre

Research group

Animal Physiology

Projects

Cell proliferation

Doctoral students and postdocs

PhD Students, main supervisor

Wendy Soria Sotillo

PhD Students, assistant supervisor

Atena Malakpour Permlid