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Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy evidence for the complexation of cadmium by reduced sulfur groups in natural organic matter

Author:
  • T. Karlsson
  • Per Persson
  • U. Skyllberg
Publishing year: 2005
Language: English
Pages: 3048-3055
Publication/Series: Environmental Science & Technology
Volume: 39
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: The American Chemical Society (ACS)
Additional info: 9

Abstract english

It is widely accepted that the bioavaiiability, toxicity, and mobility of trace metals are highly dependent on complexation reactions with functional groups in natural organic matter (NOM). In this study, the coordination chemistry of Cd in NOM was investigated by extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. Soil organic matter (SOM) from different types of organic soils and dissolved organic matter (DOM) from an organic and a mineral soil horizon of a Spodosol and aquatic DOM from Suwannee River were investigated. In SOM samples (1000-25000 mu g of Cd g(-1), pH 4.6-6.6), Cd was coordinated by 1.0-2.5 S atoms at a distance of 2.49-2.55 angstrom and by 3.0-4.5 O/N atoms at a distance of 2.22-2.25 angstrom. In DOM samples (1750-4250 mu g of Cd g(-1), pH 5.4-6.3), Cd was coordinated by 0.3-1.8 S atoms at a distance of 2.51-2.56 angstrom and 3.6-4.5 O/N atoms at a distance of 2.23-2.26 angstrom. In both SOM and DOM samples a second coordination shell of 1.7-6.0 carbon atoms was found at an average distance of 3.12 angstrom. This is direct evidence for inner-sphere complexation of Cd by functional groups in NOM. Furthermore, ion activity measurements showed that less than 1% of total Cd was in the form of free Cd2+ in our samples. Bond distances and coordination numbers suggest that Cd complexed in SOM and DOM is a mixture of a 4-coordination with S (thiols) and 4- and 6-coordinations with O/N ligands. Given that Cd-S associations on average are stronger than Cd-O/N associations, our results strongly indicate that reduced S ligands are involved in the complexation of Cd by NOM also at native concentrations of metal in oxidized organic-rich soils and in humic streams.

Keywords

  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1520-5851
Per Persson
E-mail: per [dot] persson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

MEMEG

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

E-C350

50

Professor

Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

D350

Ekologihuset, Sölvegatan 37, Lund

50