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Proteolysis of Iron Oxide-Associated Bovine Serum Albumin

Author:
  • Zhaomo Tian
  • Tao Wang
  • Anders Tunlid
  • Per Persson
Publishing year: 2020
Language: English
Pages: 5121-5130
Publication/Series: Environmental Science & Technology
Volume: 54
Issue: 8
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: The American Chemical Society (ACS)

Abstract english

Proteins are a substantial nitrogen source in soils provided that they can be hydrolyzed into bioavailable small peptides or amino acids. However, the strong associations between proteins and soil minerals restrict such proteolytic reactions. This study focused on how an extracellular fungal protease (Rhizopus sp.) hydrolyzed iron oxide-associated bovine serum albumin (BSA) and the factors that affected the proteolysis. We combined batch experiments with size-exclusion and reversed phase liquid chromatography and in situ infrared spectroscopic measurements to monitor the generation of proteolytic products in solution as well as the real-time changes of the adsorbed BSA during 24 h. Results showed that protease hydrolyzed the iron oxide-associated BSA directly at the surface without an initial desorption of BSA. Concurrently, the protease was adsorbed to vacant surface sites at the iron oxides, which significantly slowed down the rate of proteolysis. This inhibiting effect was counteracted by the presence of preadsorbed phosphate or by increasing the BSA coverage, which prevented protease adsorption. Fast initial rates of iron oxide-associated BSA proteolysis, comparable to proteolysis of BSA in solution, and very slow rates at prolonged proteolysis suggest a large variability in mineral-associated proteins as a nitrogen source in soils and that only a fraction of the protein is bioavailable.

Keywords

  • Microbiology

Other

Published
  • MICCS - Molecular Interactions Controlling soil Carbon Sequestration
  • Microbial Ecology
  • ISSN: 1520-5851
Per Persson
E-mail: per [dot] persson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

MEMEG

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

E-C350

50

Professor

Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

D350

Ekologihuset, Sölvegatan 37, Lund

50