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Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Organic Phosphates Adsorbed on Mineral Surfaces

Author:
  • Rickard Olsson
  • Reiner Giesler
  • John S. Loring
  • Per Persson
Publishing year: 2012
Language: English
Pages: 285-291
Publication/Series: Environmental Science & Technology
Volume: 46
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: The American Chemical Society (ACS)
Additional info: 1

Abstract english

Esters of phosphoric acid constitute a sizable fraction of the total phosphorus supply in the environment and thus play an important role in the global phosphorus cycle. Enzymatic hydrolysis of these esters to produce orthophosphate is often a required reaction preceding phosphorus uptake by plants and microorganisms. Generally, adsorption to environmental particles is assumed to limit this process. Here we show, however, that the rate of enzymatic hydrolysis of glucose-1-phosphate (G1P) adsorbed on goethite by acid phosphatase (AcPase) can be of the same order of magnitude as in aqueous solution. The surface process releases carbon to the solution whereas orthophosphate remains adsorbed on goethite. This hydrolysis reaction is strictly an interfacial process governed by the properties of the interface. A high surface concentration of substrate mediates the formation of a catalytically active layer of AcPase, and although adsorption likely reduces the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme, this reduction is almost balanced by the fact that enzyme and substrate are concentrated at the mineral surfaces. Our results suggest that mineral surfaces with appropriate surface properties can be very effective in concentrating substrates and enzymes thereby creating microchemical environments of high enzymatic activity. Hence, also strongly adsorbed molecules in soils and aquatic environments may be subjected to biodegradation by extracellular enzymes.

Keywords

  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1520-5851
Per Persson
E-mail: per [dot] persson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

MEMEG

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

E-C350

50

Professor

Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

D350

Ekologihuset, Sölvegatan 37, Lund

50