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Involutin is a Fe3+ reductant Secreted by the Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Paxillus involutus during Fenton-based Decomposition of Organic Matter.

Author:
  • Firoz Shah
  • Daniel Schwenk
  • César Nicolás Cuevas
  • Per Persson
  • Dirk Hoffmeister
  • Anders Tunlid
Publishing year: 2015
Language: English
Pages: 8427-8433
Publication/Series: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume: 81
Issue: 24
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology

Abstract english

Ectomycorrhizal fungi play a key role in mobilizing nutrients embedded in recalcitrant organic matter complexes, thereby increasing nutrient accessibility to the host plant. Recent study have shown that during assimilation of nutrients, the ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus decomposes organic matter using an oxidative mechanism involving Fenton chemistry (Fe(2+) + H2O2 + H(+) → Fe(3+) + •OH + H2O) similar to that of brown-rot wood-decaying fungi. In such fungi, secreted metabolites are one of the components that drive one-electron reductions of Fe(3+) and O2, generating Fenton chemistry reagents. Here, we investigated whether such a mechanism is also implemented by P. involutus during organic matter decomposition. Activity-guided purification was performed to isolate the Fe(3+)-reducing principle secreted by P. involutus during growth on maize compost extract. The Fe(3+)-reducing activity correlated with the presence of one compound. Mass spectrometry and NMR identified this compound as the diarylcyclopentenone involutin. A major part of the involutin produced by P. involutus during organic matter decomposition was secreted into the medium and the metabolite was not detected when the fungus was grown on a mineral nutrient medium. We also demonstrated that in the presence of H2O2, involutin has the capacity to drive an in vitro Fenton reaction via Fe(3+) reduction. Our results show that the mechanism for reducing Fe(3+) and generating hydroxyl radicals via Fenton chemistry by ectomycorrhizal fungi during organic matter decomposition is similar to that expressed by the evolutionarily related brown-rot saprotrophs during wood decay.

Keywords

  • Microbiology

Other

Published
  • MICCS - Molecular Interactions Controlling soil Carbon Sequestration
  • Microbial Ecology
  • ISSN: 0099-2240
Per Persson
E-mail: per [dot] persson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

MEMEG

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

E-C350

50

Professor

Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

D350

Ekologihuset, Sölvegatan 37, Lund

50