Menu

Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
You are here

Speciation of aluminum in soils and stream waters: The importance of organic matter

Author:
  • Kristoffer Hagvall
  • Per Persson
  • Torbjorn Karlsson
Publishing year: 2015
Language: English
Pages: 32-43
Publication/Series: Chemical Geology
Volume: 417
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Aluminum (Al) is the most common metal in the Earth's crust, and exists mainly in the form of silicates, oxides and hydroxides, or in complexes with natural organic matter (NOM) or inorganic ligands. Since speciation is a key factor for understanding the environmental impact of Al, it is important to determine the chemical forms of Al that predominate in different natural media and under varying geochemical conditions. This study investigated how complexation with NOM influenced the speciation of Al(III) in different environmental samples (isolated aquatic NOM, organic soils and stream waters) using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and Infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The combined spectroscopic results showed that Al(III) formed mononuclear complexes with carboxylic functional groups in NOM that were sufficiently stable to suppress the hydrolysis and polymerization of Al(III). These organic Al complexes were favored at slightly acidic pH values between pH 3 and 6 and at decreasing Al concentrations. The XAS results of the organic soils and the stream water samples indicated a variation in the speciation from a predominance of organically complexed Al in the stream waters to a mixture of Al-NOM complexes and precipitated Al phases (Al hydroxides and/or Al silicates) in the organic soils. Although the presented XAS results were limited by relatively low signal-to-noise caused by the low K-edge energy of Al, the combined spectroscopic results provided new and useful information about Al in different environmental samples and showed that NOM and pH are important parameters controlling the speciation of Al. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Geochemistry
  • Environmental Sciences
  • IR spectroscopy
  • XAS
  • Stream water
  • Soil
  • Organic matter
  • Aluminum

Other

Published
  • MICCS - Molecular Interactions Controlling soil Carbon Sequestration
  • ISSN: 0009-2541
Per Persson
E-mail: per [dot] persson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

MEMEG

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

E-C350

50

Professor

Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 17 96

+46 70 266 38 79

D350

Ekologihuset, Sölvegatan 37, Lund

50