Convergence of mitochondrial and chloroplastic ANAC017/PAP-dependent retrograde signalling pathways and suppression of programmed cell death
- Department of Biology
The energy-converting organelles mitochondria and chloroplasts are tightly embedded in cellular metabolism and stress response. To appropriately control organelle function, extensive regulatory mechanisms are at play that involve two-way exchange between the nucleus and mitochondria/chloroplasts. In recent years, our understanding of how mitochondria and chloroplasts provide â € retrograde' feedback to the nucleus, resulting in targeted transcriptional changes, has greatly increased. Nevertheless, mitochondrial and chloroplast retrograde signalling have largely been studied independently, and only few points of interaction have been found or proposed. Through reassessment of recent publications, this perspective proposes that two of the most well-studied retrograde signalling pathways in plants, those mediated by ANAC017 and those mediated by phosphoadenosine phosphate (PAP), are most likely convergent and can direct overlapping genes. Furthermore, at least part of this common retrograde response appears targeted towards suppression of programmed cell death (PCD) triggered by organellar defects. The identified target genes are discussed in light of their roles in PCD suppression and amplifying the signalling cascade via positive-feedback loops. Finally, a mechanism is proposed that may explain why the convergence of PAP/ANAC017-dependent signalling appears capable of suppressing some types of PCD lesions, but not others, based on the subcellular location of the initial PCD-inducing dysfunction.
- Cell Biology
- ISSN: 1350-9047