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Growth and production of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) treated with reduced, ambient, and enhanced UV-B radiation

Author:
  • Alenka Gaberscik
  • Meta Voncina
  • Tadeja Trost
  • Mateja Germ
  • Lars Olof Björn
Publishing year: 2002
Language: English
Pages: 30-36
Publication/Series: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, B: Biology
Volume: 66
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

The effect of enhanced UV-B radiation on buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. variety ‘Darja’), an important high elevation crop, was studied in order to estimate its vulnerability in changing UV-B environment. Plants were grown in outdoor experiments from July to October under reduced and ambient UV-B levels, and an UV-B level simulating 17% ozone depletion in Ljubljana. During the development the following parameters were monitored: light saturated photosynthetic activity, transpiration, potential and effective photochemical efficiencies of photosystem II, the contents of photosynthetic pigments and methanol soluble UV-B absorbing compounds. At the end of the experiment, growth rate and production of seeds were estimated. In the following growth season the seeds collected from plants exposed to different UV-B treatments were tested for germination capacity. Total UV-B absorbing compounds during plant development were increased by UV-B radiation, photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a and b and carotenoids) decreased. Photosynthetic rate was lowered in an early stage of development. UV-B treatment resulted in the increase in the transpiration rate and consequently the decrease in water use efficiency (WUE). The disturbances in water economy and in photosynthesis affected the reproduction potential negatively; the production of seeds in plants cultivated under ambient and enhanced UV-B was 57 and 39% of the production of specimens treated with reduced UV-B, respectively. The germination of seeds collected from treated plants revealed on average about 95% success, independently of the treatment, but the time needed for germination was the shortest for seeds developed under enhanced UV-B level treatment. Enhanced UV-B radiation affected water relations and production of buckwheat, but not the potential of seeds for germination.



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Keywords

  • Biological Sciences
  • Crop
  • Fagopyrum esculentum
  • Water use efficiency
  • Ultraviolet-B radiation
  • Seed production

Other

Published
  • Photobiology
  • Photobiology-lup-obsolete
  • ISSN: 1011-1344
Lars Olof Björn
E-mail: lars_olof [dot] bjorn [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor emeritus

Molecular Cell Biology

+46 46 222 72 53

B-A340

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