Two photoproducts of DNA damage, i.e. cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and 6-4 photoproducts (6-4PPs), induced by UV-B radiation in suspension-cultured tobacco cells were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with monoclonal antibodies. CPDs and 6-4PPs were induced in tobacco cells by UV-B radiation. Photorepair of CPDs was faster than that of 6-4PPs. UV-B radiation induces formation of CPDs and 6-4PPs even at 0 °C, but low temperature significantly decreases the UV-B-induced (in contrast to UV-C-induced) formation of CPDs and 6-4PPs. Low temperature also retarded the removal of CPDs and 6-4PPs under white light, and almost no photorepair of CPDs and 6-4PPs was detected at 0 °C. When purified DNA from tobacco cells grown in darkness was irradiated with UV-B, formation of CPDs and 6-4PPs took place at the same speed at different temperatures. It indicated that formation of CPDs and 6-4PPs induced by UV-B was temperature-independent in a non-cellular system. Based on our results for suspension-cultured tobacco cells, not only the photorepair but also UV-B-induced formation of CPDs and 6-4PPs are temperature-dependent.
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