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Ozone depletion and effects of ultraviolet radiation

Author:
  • Lars Olof Björn
  • Richard L. McKenzie
Editor:
  • Lars Olof Björn
Publishing year: 2008
Language: English
Pages: 503-530
Document type: Book chapter
Publisher: Springer

Abstract english

Because of the stratospheric ozone depletion that took place during the last decades of the past century, the effects of ultraviolet radiation on plants, animals, humans and micro-organisms became intensively studied. In this chapter we describe the role of the ozone layer as a radiation shield and various molecular and organismal effects of ultraviolet radiation, with an emphasis on the UV-B band (280-315 nm), which is strongly affected by the ozone content of the atmosphere. Also physiolical protection mechanisms and repair systems are briefly treated.

Keywords

  • Biological Sciences
  • Ozone Ultraviolet radiation UV-B Stratosphere Spectrum DNA Thymine CPD Dewar photoisomer (6-4)photoproduct Photoreactivation Photolyase ROS Reactive oxygen species Lipid peroxidation Apoptosis Aquatic life Terrestrial life Eye damage Snow-blindness Photokeratitis Cataract Melanoma Cancer WHO

Other

Published
  • Photobiology
  • Photobiology-lup-obsolete
  • ISBN: 978-0-387-72654-0
Lars Olof Björn
E-mail: lars_olof [dot] bjorn [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor emeritus

Molecular Cell Biology

+46 46 222 72 53

B-A340

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