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Nutrient control to prevent the occurrence of cyanobacterial blooms in a eutrophic lake in Southern Sweden, used for drinking water supply

Author:
  • Jing Li
  • Lars Anders Hansson
  • Kenneth M. Persson
Publishing year: 2018-07-11
Language: English
Publication/Series: Water (Switzerland)
Volume: 10
Issue: 7
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: MDPI AG

Abstract english

Control of nutrients, mainly nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), plays a significant role in preventing cyanobacterial blooms (harmful algal blooms (HABs)). This study aims at evaluating changes in the risk of the occurrence of cyanobacterial blooms and advancing the understanding of how nitrogen and phosphorus affect the growth of cyanobacteria in a eutrophic lake, Lake Vombsjön, in southern Sweden. Our results show that TP (total phosphorus) has stronger positive correlation with cyanobacteria biomass than DIP (dissolved inorganic phosphorus); DIN (dissolved inorganic nitrogen) has a stronger negative correlation with cyanobacteria biomass than TN (total nitrogen); and DIN:TP has a stronger negative correlation with cyanobacteria biomass than TN:TP. The highest amount of cyanobacteria biomass, aboveWHO(World Health Organization) Alert Level 2 (10mm3/L) for drinking water correspond to the DIP/TP ratio below 10. To diminish the growth of cyanobacteria in Lake Vombsjön, TP and DIN control should be in focus, preferably a TP below 20 μg/L, and the DIN:TP ratio should be maintained at a level of at least above 10, but preferably above 50, thereby reducing the likelihood for a nitrogen limiting situation which may favor cyanobacteria dominating blooms.

Keywords

  • Ecology
  • Cyanobacteria
  • DIN:TP ratio
  • Lake Vombsjön
  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus
  • TN:TP ratio

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 2073-4441
Lars-Anders Hansson
E-mail: lars-anders [dot] hansson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Aquatic ecology

+46 46 222 41 69

E-C140

50

Professor

NanoLund

14

Research group

Aquatic Ecology

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Doctoral students and postdocs

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