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Parmelia ernstiae, P. serrana and P. submontana, three species increasing in the Nordic countries

  • Arne Thell
  • Andrei Tsurykau
  • Per-Erik Persson
  • Mats Hansson
  • Emil Åsegård
  • Ingvar Kärnefelt
  • Mark R. D. Seaward
Publishing year: 2017-04
Language: English
Pages: 24-32
Publication/Series: Graphis Scripta
Volume: 29
Issue: 1-2
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Nordisk lichenologisk förening, NLF

Abstract english

Revised information on the morphology, chemistry and distribution of species of Parmelia s. str. in Fennoscandia is presented. Although Parmelia ernstiae was earlier believed to be chemically distinct from P. serrana in terms of lobaric acid, its presence in all studied samples detected by TLC means that these two semi-cryptic species can no longer be chemically separated. All three species are increasing in frequency and spreading northwards in Fennoscandia. Parmelia serrana is reported as new to Zealand in Denmark.


  • Botany


  • ISSN: 0901-7593
Ingvar Kärnefelt
E-mail: ingvar [dot] karnefelt [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor emeritus

Botanical collections

+46 46 222 89 78

+46 70 918 01 79