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A review of the lichen family Parmeliaceae - history, phylogeny and current taxonomy.

  • Arne Thell
  • Ana Crespo
  • Pradeep K. Divakar
  • Ingvar Kärnefelt
  • Steven D. Leavitt
  • H. Thorsten Lumbsch
  • Mark R. D. Seaward
Publishing year: 2012
Language: English
Pages: 641-664
Publication/Series: Nordic Journal of Botany
Volume: 30
Issue: 6
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd

Abstract english

The largest family of lichen-forming fungi, the Parmeliaceae, is reviewed. It includes 79 genera in current use and ca 2726 species, a large majority of which belong to one of five main clades: the parmelioid, cetrarioid, usneoid, alectorioid and hypogymnioid. However, 21 genera are positioned outside these clades, and four genera in current use still lack DNA- data. The family has been shown to be monophyletic and the generic classification is relatively well-settled compared with other lecanoralean families. Each clade and its genera are presented here with the latest results from phylogenetic analyses and current taxonomy. In addition, a historical outline of the family and its most prominent researchers is provided.


  • Botany


  • ISSN: 0107-055X
Ingvar Kärnefelt
E-mail: ingvar [dot] karnefelt [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor emeritus

Botanical collections

+46 46 222 89 78

+46 70 918 01 79