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Meta-analysis reveals that pollinator functional diversity and abundance enhance crop pollination and yield

Author:
  • B. A. Woodcock
  • M. P.D. Garratt
  • G. D. Powney
  • R. F. Shaw
  • J. L. Osborne
  • J. Soroka
  • S. A.M. Lindström
  • D. Stanley
  • P. Ouvrard
  • M. E. Edwards
  • F. Jauker
  • M. E. McCracken
  • Y. Zou
  • S. G. Potts
  • M. Rundlöf
  • J. A. Noriega
  • A. Greenop
  • H. G. Smith
  • R. Bommarco
  • W. van der Werf
  • J. C. Stout
  • I. Steffan-Dewenter
  • L. Morandin
  • J. M. Bullock
  • R. F. Pywell
Publishing year: 2019
Language: English
Publication/Series: Nature Communications
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

Abstract english

How insects promote crop pollination remains poorly understood in terms of the contribution of functional trait differences between species. We used meta-analyses to test for correlations between community abundance, species richness and functional trait metrics with oilseed rape yield, a globally important crop. While overall abundance is consistently important in predicting yield, functional divergence between species traits also showed a positive correlation. This result supports the complementarity hypothesis that pollination function is maintained by non-overlapping trait distributions. In artificially constructed communities (mesocosms), species richness is positively correlated with yield, although this effect is not seen under field conditions. As traits of the dominant species do not predict yield above that attributed to the effect of abundance alone, we find no evidence in support of the mass ratio hypothesis. Management practices increasing not just pollinator abundance, but also functional divergence, could benefit oilseed rape agriculture.

Keywords

  • Ecology

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 2041-1723
Henrik Smith
E-mail: henrik [dot] smith [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

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