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Uptake of P from apatite by Pinus sylvestris seedlings colonised by different ectomycorrhizal fungi

Author:
  • Håkan Wallander
Publishing year: 2000
Language: English
Pages: 249-256
Publication/Series: Plant and Soil
Volume: 218
Issue: 1-2
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Springer

Abstract english

The role of ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi in increasing apatite dissolution was tested in a pot system with Pinus sylvestris (L.) seedlings growing in a sand/peat mixture. Non-mycorrhizal seedlings and seedlings inoculated with one of three different isolates of EM fungi were grown for 210 days in pots divided into a root-containing and a root-free compartment. The EM mycelium was allowed to colonise the root-free compartment, to which apatite had been added as a P source in half of the pots. All mineral nutrients except P were supplied in the form of a balanced nutrient solution. Seedlings grown with apatite as their P source grew significantly better and had higher P concentrations (1.1-1.5 mg/g) compared with seedlings growing without any P source (0.6-1.0 mg/g), indicating that they were able to use apatite-P. A weathering budget based on P uptake indicated that 6.7-18.9 mg apatite was weathered per pot which corresponds to 0.3-0.9% of the added apatite. A similar budget based on Sr uptake indicated that the apatite weathering rate was lower (0.13-0.3%). One Suillus variegatus isolate and an unidentified fungus had a significant positive influence on the dissolution of apatite, while another S. variegatus isolate had colonised roots poorly and did not influence weathering significantly. Oxalic acid was detected in root-free soil and was especially abundant in compartments colonised by S. variegatus. The concentration of oxalic acid was correlated to the concentration of phosphate in the soil solution of root-free soil, indicating that oxalic acid influences apatite dissolution.

Keywords

  • Biological Sciences

Other

Published
  • Microbial Ecology
  • ISSN: 0032-079X
Håkan Wallander
E-mail: hakan [dot] wallander [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

MEMEG

+46 46 222 37 59

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