Open biodiversity data in research
Dmitry Schigel, from GBIF in Copenhagen, will give a talk about "Open biodiversity data in research – uses and challenges". You find the presentation from the seminar here (pdf; 3 MB).
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is an open-data research infrastructure funded by the world's governments and aimed at providing anyone, anywhere access to data about life on Earth. Participating countries and organizations use standards and open-source tools to share information about where and when species have been found. This knowledge derives from many sources, ranging from museum specimens to geotagged smartphone photos. GBIF provides a central access point and index of the global biodiversity data. Most of biodiversity data is evidence that a verified source found a specific organism at a specific time and place. This open-access data provides research materials for hundreds of peer-reviewed publications each year, supporting analyses not possible before. GBIF-enabled science topics range from the impacts of climate change and the spread of invasive and alien species to priorities for conservation and protected areas. The complex data on the world's biodiversity is a result of centuries of studying the natural world. This wealth of information from public and private institutions, once digitized and published, is openly available through GBIF.org.
Scientists can contribute to this aggregated scientific evidence, and at the same time, gain additional visibility of their efforts and collections through data publishing. One of the GBIF's missions is to promote publishing of open-access biodiversity data. B making your data discoverable and accessible through GBIF, you contribute to open availability to global knowledge about biodiversity, and thus to the solutions that not only promote its conservation and sustainable use, but also impact global biodiversity policy - therefore bridging the gap between basic science and decision-making. Data publishing enables integration of datasets and new opportunities for collaboration among data originators and data analysts. Data published as datasets at GBIF.org or as peer-reviewed data papers enables clear crediting of individuals and institutions for their work of creating and curating biodiversity data, achieved though persistent DOIs and bibliographic citations. Using those, collection managers can trace usage and citations of digitized data. GBIF provides a full set of technical solutions to fulfill the open data requirements from funding agencies.