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Main factors controlling microbial community structure and function after reclamation of a tailing pond with aided phytostabilization

Author:
  • R. Zornoza
  • J. A. Acosta
  • S. Martinez-Martinez
  • A. Faz
  • Erland Bååth
Publishing year: 2015
Language: English
Pages: 1-10
Publication/Series: Geoderma
Volume: 245
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Reclamation on bare tailing ponds has the potential to represent soil genesis in Technosols favoring the understanding of the changes of microbial communities and function. In this study we used phytostabilization aided with calcium carbonate and pig slurry/manure to reclaim an acidic bare tailing pond with the aim of investigating the effect of amending and different species on microbial community structure and function. We sampled after two years of amending and planting: unamended tailing soil (UTS), non-rhizospheric amended tailing soil (ATS), rhizospheric soil from four species, and non-rhizospheric native forest soil (NS), which acted as reference. The application of amendments increased pH up to neutrality, organic carbon (Corg), C/N and aggregate stability, while decreased salinity and heavy metals availability. No effect of rhizosphere was observed on physicochemical properties, metals immobilization and microbial community structure and function. To account for confounding effects due to soil organic matter, microbial properties were expressed per Corg. The high increments in pH and Corg have been the main factors driving changes in microbial community structure and function. Bacterial biomass was higher in UTS, without significant differences among the rest of soils. Fungal biomass followed the trend UTS < ATS = rhizospheric soils

Keywords

  • Biological Sciences
  • Phospholipid fatty acids
  • Microbial activity
  • Amendments
  • pH
  • Soil
  • reclamation

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0016-7061
Erland Bååth
E-mail: erland [dot] baath [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor emeritus

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