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Molecular biology

Research projects

Project courses

Project, bachelors level

BIOF09 (pdf) Project 7.5 cr (5 weeks)

Project, advanced level


The courses Projects in Molecular Biology is offered only to Students on the Bachelor's and Master's programmes in Biology and to Exchange students.

Projects in Biology may be performed full time or part time, during the semester or in the summer.

Before the start

  1. Check with the study advisor Tina Ledje that you fulfil the requirements for starting a project.
  2. Contact a supervisor or work place and discuss the general outline of the project. Note that you may conduct the project outside the university, e.g. at a company or other university.
  3. Write a project plan together with your supervisor. The plan should be brief, but give a clear description of your specific project (1-2 A4 pages). It should contain:
    • Project title
    • Name and e-mail to you and the supervisor
    • Research area, credits, department or other place where you will work
    • Introduction, with theoretical background to the project and key references (3-5)
    • Aim(s) of the project
    • Material and methods, including e.g. planned statistical analyses
    • Time plan: rough planning of the project. Remember to include enough time to write the report.
  4. Fill in the registration form (pdf). Tina Ledje will confirm that you are eligible to start the project by adding a signature on the registration form. You and your supervisor should also sign the form and finally also the examiner for the course, who also approves the project plan. Hand in the registration form around 2 weeks before the start of the project to Tina Ledje. Note that if you will do your project during the summer you must register before the 15th of June.
  5. Insurance. You need an insurance if you are going to work outside Sweden. Tina Ledje at the Education office will help you.

The start

  1. During the project work you will write a project logbook either electronically or in a notebook. Make careful, daily notes about experimental design, technical details of experiments, raw data and calculations which will be of great help when you start to write your report. In the logbook you also register if you take time off (e.g. because of vacation, illness, malfunctioning machines etc), or other significant events. Please note that in order to have the possibility of obtaining the highest grade (pass with distinction – väl godkänt) a degree project cannot exceed the stipulated time with more than 20% (e.g. 23 weeks for a 30 cr project). Remember to bring the logbook to the examination.
  2. It is advisable to start to write as soon as possible. Parts of the introduction and methods can be written in parallel with your empirical/theoretical work. As results are starting to be analysed, construct figures and tables that can be included in the report. Attend seminars and group meetings arranged by your research group and section of which you are a member.
  3. If something is not working the way you would like it to, e.g. problems with your supervisor, contact your study advisor as soon as possible. The earlier we address a problem the sooner it can be solved.

Towards the end

  1. The degree project should be written as a scientific report. It is preferred the report follows the format described in “Instructions for project reports” (pdf; 76 kB). Follow the format of the instructions throughout the report; e.g. how to handle references, report statistical results and so on. Write in a stringent scientific style and avoid excessive length. However, you are allowed to be slightly more explicit with background, explanations, etc, than what one would be in a real paper. You are also allowed to include description and discussion of preliminary or incomplete results and to introduce and show that you understand the chosen methodology and strategies by explaining them and providing necessary details. The report should include a scientific abstract in English. In total a 30 hp project report should be around 5000-7000 words and a 15 hp project report around 3000-5000 words. For advice see “Instructions for project reports” (pdf).
  2. Plagiarism. You are not allowed to present someone else’s work, such as text, figures, or results, without giving proper reference. This also applies to material you find on the Internet. Therefore make sure that you use citations in a correct way. You may of course refer to the work of others, but you need to re-write it in your own words and refer to the source of information in a correct way. Read more at the Lund University Library website and discuss with your supervisor if you are unsure.

The examination

  1. Time for the examination. When you and your supervisor decide that the report is ready your supervisor will notify the examiner who will arrange the examination. The supervisor will give input too, but will not take part in the decision or grading of the thesis. If the supervisor can not attend the examination, he/she should provide a written evaluation of the project and/or discuss it directly with the examiner.
  2. Send the report to Urkund. To avoid and prevent cheating and plagiarism, all reports written at the Department of Biology are checked in ”Urkund”, a program that uses internet/databases to scan a report for copied text etc. At least ten days before the examination you should send your report to urkund via your examiners address: N [dot] N [dot] lu [at] analys [dot] urkund [dot] se.
  3. During the examination you make an oral presentation of your project. This means a summary of your project in approximately 10-15 minutes, preferentially with the aid of e.g. Powerpoint. Then a discussion follows during which you answer questions about your work.
  4. Grades: If the degree project does not fulfil the requirements for the grade Pass, you will be given instructions about how to improve the work to reach the grade Pass. To reach the grade Pass with distinction (Väl Godkänt) two criteria must be fulfil : You must have demonstrated high ability to work independently, including creative problem posing, problem solving and deduction, and to put the results into a general context, e.g. a scientific area of research or relevant biological applications.The time-frame for the project should not have been exceeded with more than 20 %. The written and oral presentations of the exam project should be of high quality. Here you can see the evaluation form for the project examination and what aspects that are graded; Examination Criteria (pdf)
  5. After the examination you make the recommended corrections in the report and send the final version to the examiner and your supervisor.

Forms, templates and guidelines

Page Manager:

Study coordinator

Christina Ledje
Study advisor
Education office, Ecology building

Telephone: +46 46-222 73 16
E-mail: Christina [dot] Ledje [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se