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Master's programme Biology General

120 credits

The general master’s programme in biology gives you an opportunity to design a personal study plan. You choose from around 30 courses at advanced level in biology. Are you interested in biodiversity and taxonomy? Choose the Nordic Master’s programme in Biodiversity and Systematics (NABIS) as a specialisation within General Biology, see information below.

At the Department of Biology we have excellent facilities for laboratory work and conducting field experiments. Most courses are full-time studies and you usually take only one course at a time. The courses are typically teaching-intensive, with lectures, seminars, excursions, laboratory work as well as theoretical and practical exercises. The teachers are active researchers so you will study in close association with vibrant international research environments.

Get some inspiration to what the Master's programmes leads to. You find completed Master's degree projects in biology on LUP Student Papers.

Recommended course of study

You choose among around 30 advanced courses in Biology. You may also choose some courses from other disciplines. Together with the study advisor you create an individual course of study. Please notice that many of the advanced courses in Biology have other prerequisites than the Master’s Programme in Biology itself. You can choose to study towards a degree with a Major in Biology or Biology with specialization in Ecology.

Course overview, elective and optional courses. This file shows the most common courses the students on the Master's in Biology take, but you can also choose other courses.


Year 1


Population and Community Ecology (BIOR69) 15 cr, Neurobiology (BIOR58) 15 cr or Immunology (BIOR85) 15 credits.

Elective and/or optional course


Elective and/or optional courses

Year 2

Elective and/or optional courses and a master's degree project


Degree requirements

Courses corresponding to 120 credits, of which should encompass

  • Compulsory Course, 15 credits:
    Population and Community Ecology (BIOR69) 15 cr, Neurobiology (BIOR58) 15 cr or Immunology (BIOR85) 15 credits (BIOR85)
  • Elective Courses, at least 45 credits:
    • Antibiotics – Biology and Chemistry, 7.5 credits BIOR56
    • Applied Ecotoxicology, 15 credits BIOR52
    • Aquatic Ecology, 15 credits BIOR82
    • Bioinformatics and Sequence Analysis, 7.5 credits BINP11
    • Bioinformatics: Programming in Python, 7.5 credits BINP16
    • Biological Monitoring, 15 credits BIOR39
    • Bryophyte Morphology and Identification, 5 credits BIOR73
    • Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology, 15 credits BIOR84
    • Conservation Biology, 15 credits BIOR83
    • DNA Sequencing Informatics I, 7.5 credits BINP28
    • DNA Sequencing Informatics II, 7.5 credits BINP29
    • Ecotoxicology, 15 credits BIOR41
    • Evolutionary Animal Ecology, 15 credits BIOR81
    • Genetic Analysis I, 7.5 credits BIOR59
    • Genetic Analysis II, 7.5 credits BIOR60
    • Immunology, 15 credits BIOR85
    • Limnology and Marine Ecology - Concepts and Processes, 15 credits BIOR87
    • Limnology and Marine Ecology- Organism and Habitats, 15 credits BIOR86
    • Methods in Molecular Biology, 15 credits BIOR79
    • Microbiology, 15 credits BIOR18
    • Microscopy – Bio-Imaging, 7.5 credits BIOS08
    • Modelling Biological Systems, 7.5 credits BIOS13
    • Molecular Biotechnology, 15 credits BIOR31
    • Molecular Ecology and Evolution, 15 credits BIOR25
    • Molecular Genetics of Eukaryotes, 15 credits BIOR49
    • Molecular Microbiology, 15 credits BIOR63
    • Mosses, Lichens, Fungi – Biodiversity and Conservation, 15 credits BIOR11 (given in Swedish)
    • Neurobiology, 15 credits BIOR58
    • Ornithology, 15 credits BIOR51
    • Pharmacology, 15 credits BIOR14
    • Plant Evolution and Adaptation, 15 credits BIOR77
    • Plant Function, 15 credits BIOR76
    • Plant Systematics and Diversity, 10 credits BIOR72
    • Population and Community Ecology, 15 credits BIOR69
    • Processing and Analysis of Biological Data, 7.5 credits BIOS14
    • Sensory Biology, 15 credits BIOR20
    • Soil and Plant Ecology, 15 credits BIOR78
    • Toxicology, 15 credits BIOR21
    • Water Management, 15 credits BIOR66
  • Optional Courses, 0-30 credits
  • Master´s degree project in biology, 30/45/60 credits

Degree title

Master of Science (Two Years)
Major: Biology

Prerequisites and application on Lund University education pages.



The Nordic Master’s Programme in Biodiversity and Systematics (NABIS) is an international programme given in English, in collaboration between leading universities in Sweden and Norway. Students are admitted to the university where they are undertaking their thesis project, and through the programme they have access to a rich selection of specialised courses provided by the participating universities. 

As a NABIS student you are trained to gain the systematic and taxonomic expertise needed in our society to be able to take action against loss of biodiversity. Upon completion of the programme you will have a broad overview of living organisms and specialization in one or more organism groups. You will learn the theoretic background of speciation and evolutionary processes. You will have a good knowledge of traditional systematic methods as well as modern phylogenetic and molecular tools, allowing you to make scientific descriptions of new species, generate DNA data such as barcodes and use computerized biodiversity databases.

The courses are taught as assisted e-learning in combination with hands-on field or lab sessions where students and teachers meet for an intensive period of time at the campus or, more commonly, at a field station belonging to the host of the course.

As a NABIS student you are admitted to the university at which your thesis work is supervised. At the time of admittance you will, together with the tutor, establish an individual curriculum designating the courses to be included in your master’s degree. The subject for the thesis is determined and the project is linked to a research group. The length of the thesis is optional and amounts to 30, 45 or 60 ECTS. Thesis work may extend over several semesters, and be interspersed with courses giving practical or theoretical training.

NABIS at Lund University is a part of the Biology, General specialisation.

Cooordinator at Lund University: Nils Cronberg

Prerequisites and application on Lund University education pages.

Portrait of Lotta Persmark. Photo.


Lotta Persmark

Study advisor biology and bioinformatics

Telephone: +46 46 222 37 28
EmailLotta [dot] Persmark [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Programme coordinator