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The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes

  • Dimitrios Floudas
  • Manfred Binder
  • Robert Riley
  • Kerrie Barry
  • Robert Blanchette
  • Bernard Henrissat
  • Angel Martinez
  • Robert Ottilar
  • Joseph Spatafora
  • Jagjit Yadav
  • Andrea Aerts
  • Isabelle Benoit
  • Alex Boyd
  • Alexis Carlson
  • Alex Copeland
  • Pedro Coutinho
  • Ronald de Vries
  • Patricia Ferreira
  • Keisha Findley
  • Brian Foster
  • Jill Gaskell
  • Dylan Glotzer
  • Pawel Gorecki
  • Joseph Heitman
  • Cedar Hesse
  • Chiaki Hori
  • Kiyohiko Igarashi
  • Joel Jurgens
  • Nathan Kallen
  • Phil Kersten
  • Annegret Kohler
  • Ursula Kues
  • Arun Kumar
  • Alan Kuo
  • Kurt LaButti
  • Luis Larrondo
  • Erika Lindquist
  • Albee Ling
  • Vincent Lombard
  • Susan Lucas
  • Taina Lundell
  • Rachael Martin
  • David MacLaughlin
  • Ingo Morgenstern
  • Emanuelle Morin
  • Claude Murat
  • Laszlo Nagy
  • Matt Nolan
  • Robin Ohm
  • Aleksrandrina Patyshakuliyeva
  • Antonis Rokas
  • Francisco Ruiz-Duenas
  • Grzegorz Sabat
  • Asaf Salamov
  • Masahiro Samejima
  • Jeremy Schmutz
  • Jason C. Slot
  • Franz St. John
  • Jan Stenlid
  • Hui San
  • Sheng Sun
  • Khajamohiddin Syed
  • Andrian Tsang
  • Ad Wiebenga
  • Darcy Young
  • Antonio Pissabarro
  • Daniel C. Eastwood
  • Francis Martin
  • Dan Cullen
  • Igor V. Grigoriev
  • David S. Hibbett
Publishing year: 2012-06-29
Language: English
Pages: 1715-1719
Publication/Series: Science
Volume: 356
Issue: 6338
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science

Abstract english

Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non–lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this study) suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Molecular clock analyses suggest that the origin of lignin degradation might have coincided with the sharp decrease in the rate of organic carbon burial around the end of the Carboniferous period.


  • Ecology


  • ISSN: 1095-9203