Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
You are here

Phylogeny of the genus Cladonia (Cladoniaceae, Ascomycetes) inferred from molecular, morphological, and chemical data

  • S Stenroos
  • J Hyvonen
  • L Myllys
  • Arne Thell
  • T Ahti
Publishing year: 2002
Language: English
Pages: 237-278
Publication/Series: Cladistics
Volume: 18
Issue: 3
Document type: Journal article review
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Abstract english

Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Cladonia, including Cladina (Cladoniaceae, Lecanoromycetes), were reconstructed based upon simultaneous analyses of DNA sequences and morphological and chemical data. We used sequences from the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1), the 5.8 rDNA gene, and the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) of the nuclear rDNA gene cluster, and partial sequences from the protein-coding beta-tubulin gene. The analyses included 235 specimens of 168 taxa representing all currently recognized sections of Cladonia and Cladina and the outgroup genera Cladia, Pycnothelia, and Rainalea. Analyses were performed using optimization alignment with three different parameter values. The results of all analyses support the inclusion of Cladina in Cladonia. The current sectional division of Cladonia was not supported, and a new provisional classification for the genus is proposed.


  • Botany


  • ISSN: 1096-0031
Arne Thell
E-mail: arne [dot] thell [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Museum curator

Botanical collections

+46 46 222 89 78



Biological Museum

Research group

Plant Biology


Download & links

CV (pdf; 64 kB)

Parmeliaceae - Nordic Lichen Flora

Betonica officinalis
Betonica officinalis

Parmelia ernstiae
Parmelia ernstiae