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Testing morphology-based delimitation of Vulpicida juniperinus and V. tubulosus (Parmeliaceae) using three molecular markers.

  • Kristiina Mark
  • Lauri Saag
  • Andres Saag
  • Arne Thell
  • Tiina Randlane
Publishing year: 2012
Language: English
Pages: 757-772
Publication/Series: Lichenologist
Volume: 44
Issue: 6
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Abstract english

The delimitation of two morphologically similar and not easily separable Vulpicida species,V. juniperinus and V. tubulosus, is analyzed using nuclear ITS and Mcm7, and mitochondrial SSU DNA sequences. Seventy-nine Vulpicida specimens, most from the two focal taxa, are included in the three-locus gene tree. The results from Bayesian and parsimony analyses are presented. There are strong conflicts between the single locus gene trees. Vulpicida juniperinus and V. tubulosus are divided into two clearly distinguished groups in the ITS and concatenated B/MCMC tree. However, these species are mixed in both clades, appearing polyphyletic. Currently accepted V. juniperinus and V. tubulosus are not distinct according to the loci studied. Vulpicida pinastri appears monophyletic based on the available sequences.


  • Botany
  • molecular phylogenetics
  • Mcm7
  • ITS
  • lichenized fungi
  • gene tree
  • MrBayes
  • mtSSU


  • ISSN: 0024-2829
Arne Thell
E-mail: arne [dot] thell [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

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Botanical collections

+46 46 222 89 78



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Plant Biology


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CV (pdf; 64 kB)

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