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Temporally fluctuating prey and coexistence among unequal conspecific interferers

Author:
  • Anders Nilsson
  • G D Ruxton
  • J H Nilsson
Publishing year: 2003
Language: English
Pages: 411-415
Publication/Series: Oikos
Volume: 101
Issue: 2
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Abstract english

Coexistence among unequal conspecific interferers should be unlikely to persist if stronger interferers always experience a relative fitness increment from their higher foraging rates. In this study, we suggest that decreased relative costs to weaker interferers with increasing temporal fluctuations in prey availability may be a mechanism enhancing coexistence of unequal conspecific interferers. Previous work on fluctuation and coexistence has dealt with oscillations over a time-scale measured in generations of competitor species and their resources, while our work shows that fluctuations in prey availability facilitate coexistence of different phenotypic strategies within species and generations, and over short time-scales. With increasing amplitude of temporal fluctuation about an average prey density, cumulative intakes for differently strong interferers are affected differently. Because of the prey-dependent effect of interference, high amplitudes of fluctuation allow for relatively lower foraging-rate costs in weaker interferers, which decreases the difference in foraging success between strong and weaker interferers. This decreased difference in foraging success could thus significantly relax the conditions allowing for unequal interferer coexistence.

Keywords

  • Ecology

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1600-0706
Anders Nilsson
E-mail: anders [dot] nilsson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Aquatic ecology

+46 46 222 83 65

+46 70 346 25 66

E-D130

50

Research group

Aquatic Ecology

Projects

Doctoral students and postdocs

Main supervisor

Varpu Pärssinen

Assistant supervisor

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