Effect of riparian structure, temperature and channel morphometry on detritus processing in channelized and natural woodland streams in southern Sweden
- Department of Biology
2. Leaf decomposition rates were not significantly different when channelized streams were compared with natural woodland streams. In channelized streams the average decomposition rate was -0.0556±0.0337 (±S.D.) day-1 compared with -0.0457±0.0115 day-1 in natural woodland streams.
3. There was significantly higher variation in leaf decomposition among the five channelized streams compared with the five natural streams (F-test, p<0.05). This was mainly due to extremely high decomposition rates in channelized streams colonized by emergent macrophytes.
4. Alder decomposition rates were low in channelized streams without macrophytes (-0.0053 °day-1), intermediate in natural streams (-0.0087 °day-1), and high in channelized streams with macrophytes (-0.0136 °day-1).
5. The shredder functional group ranged from 13 to 70% of the benthic community in the natural streams. Channelized streams had a more variable shredder population ranging from 0.5 to 80%. The highest values were found in channelized streams that had become colonized by macrophytes.
6. There was a significant difference in total accumulated degree days between the channelized (256 °day) and natural woodland streams (209 °day). This is most likely an effect of drainage tiles contributing warmer groundwater to the channelized streams during fall.
7. It is concluded that, contrary to the prevailing conceptual model of stream systems, decomposition rates and macroinvertebrate functions are not necessarily reduced in streams without riparian vegetation. The loss of the riparian canopy can stimulate emergent macrophytes which will provide autochthonous detritus for benthic communities. This will change benthic community structure and the life cycle strategies present.
- Environmental Sciences
- functional group
- leaf pack
- ISSN: 1052-7613