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Influence of Vacuum Impregnation with Different Substances on the Metabolic Heat Production and Sugar Metabolism of Spinach Leaves

  • Noor Liyana Yusof
  • Lars Wadsö
  • Allan G. Rasmusson
  • Federico Gómez Galindo
Publishing year: 2017-10
Language: English
Pages: 1907-1917
Publication/Series: Food and Bioprocess Technology
Volume: 10
Issue: 10
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Springer

Abstract english

Vacuum impregnation (VI) has been widely used as pre-treatment prior to, e.g., minimal processing, freezing, or drying of fruit and vegetables. Most of the investigations have focused on the applicability of VI to modify physicochemical, sensory, and nutritive characteristics. However, little attention has been paid to the metabolic consequences of impregnating different substances into the plant tissue. This study explores short- and long-term metabolic responses of baby spinach leaves at 5 °C after impregnation with several substances that are commonly used in food industry, e.g., sucrose, calcium lactate, citric acid, and ascorbic acid. Short-term metabolic response of impregnated spinach leaves was measured with isothermal calorimetry for 7 h. Results demonstrated that leaves impregnated with calcium lactate and sucrose showed a drastic increase in metabolic heat production, but no change was recorded in leaves impregnated with solutions of ascorbic acid or citric acid. Long-term metabolic responses were evaluated by measuring sugars and starch. The different impregnation solutes provoked specific changes in the carbohydrate composition during cold storage and the concentrations at each time point are likely to be the result of mobilization of starch, which sharply decreased during storage, and solute-specific differences in metabolization and interconversion of sugars.


  • Food Science
  • Food Engineering
  • Isothermal calorimetry
  • Metabolic heat production
  • Spinach
  • Sugar metabolism
  • Vacuum impregnation


  • ISSN: 1935-5130
Allan Rasmusson
E-mail: allan [dot] rasmusson [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se


Molecular Cell Biology

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